A visa is a type of passport that allows the holder to enter, leave, or stay a specified period of time in a country. In the United States of America, a noncitizen who wants to live in United States land must hold a valid Visa. There are about 185 different types of visas, but there are two main categories of U.S visas; Nonimmigrant and Immigrant. This paper will give all the information needed to understand both types of visas used in the United State.
The nonimmigrant visa is issued to a person who has a permanent residence outside of the United States, but wishes to visit the United States on a temporary basis. These reasons could be for tourism, study, work, or medical treatment. Most nonimmigrants can be joined by spouses, unmarried minor, and (dependent) children. If there is more than one individual applying for a nonimmigrant visa, every individual must submit a separate application. To apply for a nonimmigrant visa the individual must fill out an application, schedule an interview, and pay the visa application fee. These steps must be accomplished in that order.
The second type of visa mainly used in the U.S is an immigrant visa. Before an individual can apply for a visa they must have a relative or a potential employer file a petition to apply for an immigrant visa. The petition must be approved by the U.S Citizenship and the Immigration Services. Just like in the process of receiving a nonimmigrant visa, you must schedule an interview. An individual would apply for an immigration visa if they wish to move here from a different country. A common example is when an individual from Mexico decides to move to the U.S. If the person who is applying for the visa has children, they can bring their children with them as long as they file separate petitions for each child, and a stepchild must be younger than 18 years of age at the time marriage.