Washington, D.C. Immigration Facts

The population of immigrants in Washington, D.C. is ever-growing. Immigrants not only helped shape the culture in the District, but are an integral part of society. Below are some interesting facts regarding foreign-born residents residing in the nation’s capital. Immigrants and their children are growing shares of Washington, D.C.’s population and electorate.

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, D.C.’s foreign-born population rose from 9.7% in 1990, to 12.9% in 2000, to 13.5% in 2010.
  • In 2010, Washington, D.C. was home to 81,734 immigrants.
  • 39.7% of immigrants (or 32,412 people) in Washington, D.C. were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2010.
  • 10.5% (or 33,990) of registered voters in Washington, D.C. were “New Americans,” naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants.
  • 1 in 8 Washington, D.C. residents are Latino or Asian.
  • The Latino population in Washington, D.C. grew from 5.4% in 1990, to 7.9% in 2000, to 9.1% (or 55,005 people) in 2010.
  • The Asian population in the District grew from 1.8% in 1990, to 2.7% in 2000, to 3.6% (or 21,760 people) in 2010.
  • In 2009, 90.3% of children in Latino families in Washington, D.C. were U.S. citizens.

How Washington, D.C. Immigrants Affect the District’s Economy

Latino and Asian immigrants are an important part of Washington, D.C.’s economy, contributing to billions of dollars in revenue for the District and tens of thousands of jobs. Here are some important facts:

  • In 2010, the purchasing power of the Washington, D.C. Latino community totaled $2 billion—an increase of 321.9% since 1990. The purchasing power of the Asian community in the District totaled $1.1 billion—an increase of 408.4% since 1990.
  • In 2010, immigrants comprised 17.9% of the District’s workforce.

As of 2007, immigrants accounted for 20% of total economic output